The Charisma of Online Casinos

Online casinos are becoming increasingly popular among gambling enthusiasts all over the world. Online casinos can offer just about anything that land-based casinos offer. Unlike land-based casinos, which can be intimidating for a beginner due to their bustling atmosphere, online casinos are more beginner-friendly. Some of their beneficial features are:

1. Convenient and Peaceful Atmosphere:

If you’re a gambling enthusiast and can’t afford visiting traditional casinos in Las Vegas or Macau, you can consider playing in casinos. One of the major reasons behind the growing popularity of online casinos is that they allow the players to play from the comfortable and peaceful environment of their homes. Unlike land-based casinos, online casinos don’t have a dress code or smoking prohibition. You just need to have an Internet-enabled computer and should be over 21 years. You can access any online casino irrespective of the location you reside in.

A major advantage of casino games is that they allow you to play from your home. Unlike traditional casinos, where concentrating is difficult, online casinos enable you to play with full concentration, as there’s no laughing or yelling voice from other players and no disturbing sounds of casino dealers collecting and distributing chips. You can even turn off the computer sound if you like.

2. Wide Choice of Games:

Online casinos offer a wide variety of games such as roulette, craps, baccarat, blackjack, slots (both, multi-line and progressive), bingo and poker. There are also specialty games such as keno. Thus, with online gambling there’s something to suit players of all tastes and levels. The best part is unlike land-based casinos, wherein you can play only one game at a time. Casino allow you to play more than several games simultaneously.

3. No need to Carry Cash:

Another factor that gives casinos an edge over traditional land-based casinos is that they don’t require you to carry cash amount. Thus, there’s no chance of theft. You can simply deposit the money at the web site of the casino you’re playing in.

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4. More Feasible:

These casinos can save you not only travel expenses, but also food and room payouts. This way, you can have a bigger bankroll to play with. Besides, many of these casinos offer free bonuses to attract new customers. These bonuses can range from $10 (for downloading the casino software) to a thousand dollars (for completing a certain amount of raked hands).

Mobile Casino Games Testing Experience

Big online casinos such as 888 Casino as well as casinos with Microgaming and Playtech software, these names are the most famous suppliers of the gaming software, leading producers of software for the internet casinos, poker-rooms and now mobile casinos and mobile poker rooms. Also there is a number of mobile casinos with its proprietary software too.

I surely have not played in all casinos of these casino software suppliers, but in fact, the games from the same supplier do not differ at all, maybe only they have different logos and 메이저놀이터 color of the lobby. If you would like to share your mobile gambling experience, do not hesitate to submit your mobile casino or mobile poker review via contact us page and we will be more than happy to post it no the website.

For the purpose of the mobile casinos games testing, any mobile casino from the same software supplier maybe considered the same as well, though they have some differences: support, bonuses, money depositing and withdrawal options.

I chose two games: mobile black jack game and video poker to test the mobile casinos. Firstly, because I like the games of skill, secondly black jack for example has very low house edge and possibility of large wins. So, if a casino player would wager in accordance to the basic strategy it would be easy to answer for the casino honesty, the honesty and fairness of games at the particular mobile casino.

I play 100 deals and write down the results. I follow the basic strategy in video poker and mobile black jack, mainly by equal stakes, though in black jack I can vary them if I want to. Analyzing black jack results, pay attention to such parameters as casino advantage – in theory it should be 0,5%, number of gains /draws/losses – must be 43%/9%/48% accordingly, number of black jacks – 5. Analyzing mobile video poker results expected value is not so illustrative because of the high dispersion. It’s better to pay attention to the frequency of winning combinations, upon the average on 100 game rounds there should be: 21 times – a pair, 13 times – two pairs, 7 times – a triplet, one time – straight flush and full house. Basically, in the short run if the full house combinations are absent, the payout should be something like – 9% (ratio of the four of a kind 6%, royal – 2%, straight flush – 0,5%). Where it is allowed I double the pairs, these results can be quite demonstrative. Here I would like to tell you that 100 deals are not enough to draw statistically verified conclusions (though, if the losses amounted to 15 rates in 100 black jack deals , than the probability that the game is honest is only 10%, and if the number increases up to 27 rates, then this probability decreases up to 1%). You can catch a winning streak of few hands or on the contrary.

Black jack is a good game for bonus players especially, because the players can calculate the house edge on the game precisely – assuming they play according to the correct basic black jack strategy – and the house edge at the black jack is very small because of the low negative deals fluctuations. Nonetheless, I guess you can trust the results of the casinos with a reputable name.

Also it is necessary to mention that you may play for real money or in practice mode, what ever you prefer. The practice mode as for me has one disadvantage: a built-in generator of random numbers is used, so the results of practice and real money wagering in the mobile casino may be quite different.

ธุรกิจพนันกับความชื่นชอบ เล่นคาสิโน

 

สำหรับโลกพวกเราขณะนี้จะว่าไปแล้วทุกสิ่งทุกอย่างอย่างล้วนแล้วแต่เข้าไปอยู่ในวงจรของโลกการติดต่อสื่อสารออนไลน์แทบจะทั้งหมดโดยอาศัยการขับเขยื้อนทุกกิจกรรมให้เกิดขึ้นบนความน่าจะเป็นด้วยการดำเนินงานผ่านระบบอินเตอร์เนตซึ่งก็ถือว่าเป็นอีกมุมที่น่าดึงดูดที่ถือว่าได้สร้างกิจกรรมต่างๆให้สามารถโลดแล่นบนโลกอินเตอร์เน็ตได้โดยไม่ต้องพิจารณาถึงระยะทางหรือเวลาอีกต่อไปอย่างแหล่งบริการเกม เล่นคาสิโน ที่วันนี้ได้เติบโตขยายตัวบนโลกอินเตอร์เน็ตอย่างเร็ว

 

ผู้เล่นทุกคนสามารถเราถึงการเล่นพวกนี้ได้โดยไม่ต้องออกมาจากบ้านให้เสียเวล่ำเวลาอีกต่อไปพร้อมทั้งมีเวลาเยอะขึ้นกับการเล่นเพราะเหตุว่าไม่ต้องหมดเวลาไปกับการเดินทางเพื่อไปเยี่ยมบ่อนเล่นคาสิโนสถานที่จริงๆ ถ้าเกิดจะว่าไปแล้วธุรกิจพนันวันนี้มากับความนิยมชมชอบของแหล่งเล่นคาสิโนอย่างไม่สามารถที่จะปฏิเสธได้โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่งผู้เล่นคนใหม่ที่ไม่มีช่องทางแม้กระทั้งไปเยี่ยมบ่อนจริงๆก็สามารถเข้าถึงแหล่งเล่นนี้ได้

 

ซึ่งก็สามารถจะได้รับเงินที่ใช้ในการเดิมพันในฐานะผู้ชนะพนันอย่างกับผู้เล่นที่ไปเยี่ยมบ่อนจริงเช่นเดียวกัน ยิ่งกว่านั้นในแหล่งบริการกิจกรรมพนันบนโลกอินเตอร์เน็ตนี้ถ้าเกิดผูเล่นผู้ใดกันมีลัษณะทิศทางว่าจะติดเกมการเดิมพัน ด้านในแหล่งบริการเกมพนันอย่างแหล่ง เล่นคาสิโน

ก็ยังมีบริการที่คือระบบที่ช่วยทำให้เหล่าผีพนันที่ทราบตัวเองว่าจะมีสภาวะของการไม่สามารถที่จะหยุดเล่นพนันได้หรือเล่นเกมพนันเยอะเกินไปกระทั่งอาจจะก่อให้กำเนิดปัญหาอื่นๆตามมาได้แม้ไม่หยุดเล่นชั่วครั้งชั่วคราว

 

กล่าวได้ว่าเป็นอีกบริการที่แสดงถึงความใส่ใจรวมทั้งกังวลลูกค้านักพนันเล่นคาสิโน โดยเป็นการที่ให้ผู้เล่นนั้นสามารถจะเข้าไปล๊อคตัวเองไม่ให้เข้าระบบการเล่นพนันเสี่ยงลุ้นได้ชั่วครั้งคราวโดยบางครั้งอาจจะเป็นเพียงแค่ตอนช่วงเวลาหนึ่งซึ่งมีตั้งแม้กระนั้นหนึ่งวันจนกระทั่งนานเป็นเลิศปีอย่างยิ่งจริงๆซึ่งผู้เล่นคาสิโนก็สามารถจะจัดแจงดูแลตัวเองได้พื้นฐานอย่างการสังเกตการกระทำตัวเอง

 

เพราะฉะนั้นการเล่นการเดิมพันให้เหมาะสมถูกเวลาและก็การเล่นแบบมีสติสัมปชัญญะนั้นทำให้ท่านได้รับรู้ว่าควรจะเพียงพอเพียงใด และไม่ตกระกำลำบากผู้ใดกันแน่ ไม่ทำให้ตนเองทุกข์ยากลำบากนั้นเยี่ยมที่สุด การเดิมพันมีอีกทั้งดีและไม่ดี บางครั้งก็อาจจะดีที่ได้เงินไว รวมทั้งอาจมีที่เสียตังค์ไวเหมือนกัน คนไม่ใช่น้อยก็เล่นได้ ละผู้คนจำนวนมากก็อาจะเล่นเสีย นักพนันเสี่ยงดวงทั้งหลายแหล่ที่ชื่นชอบในด้านการเล่นเกมการเดิมพันก็จะต้องเล่นคาสิโนกันแบบมีสติสัมปชัญญะให้เยอะที่สุด

Casino Games – A Review

A vast majority of people love playing casino games and the fun of online gambling can be taken to yet another level when you are dealing with online casinos. Among all of the casinos available online, the Carnival Casino holds a prominent place. Carnival casino has all the perfect ingredients that an online casino should have, such as great casino games, nice promotional offers, and transparent reliability. In this independent review we will one by one discuss all of these aspects.

The first thing that most people will look for is security and reliability, and when it comes to these 메이저놀이 two factors, then Carnival Casino certainly prevails. The company of iGlobal Media Limited owns this gaming site. This company is undisputedly one of the most reliable companies in the business of online gambling.

Global Gaming Net is responsible for managing all the system features of Carnival Casino. The government of Gibraltar has licensed this business and the casino is run under the supervision of an appointed casino commissioner following the gambling act of 2005. Other than this, this site also incorporates the best software for the confidentiality and secrecy of the data and transactions of the players.

A vast range of various casino games are available throughout the site. You can opt in for any game that suits your taste and mood. From the typical card and table games to some of the more exclusive video slots, Carnival Casino will certainly give you a thrilling ride. You can easily browse to the official site and see previews of all of the games available – and if you find something that catches your eye, then by all means feel free to download the casino software. You will not have to pay anything for downloading of course, as it is all free. After you are done downloading, you will also receive a very attractive welcome bonus, which will help you off to a great start.

There are also very attractive monthly promotions available; in fact, you will also gain access to a proper calendar for these promotions. This will not only keep you updated – but will also help you to seek out the best offers in a timely fashion. The welcome bonus of Casino Carnival is as high as $777 USD. Very few casinos offer an actual welcome bonus as high as this one.

After the simple registering procedure, you have the choice of becoming a VIP member at the casino. Bear in mind that VIP members, as always, are able to enjoy the best bonuses and incentives. Depending on whether you are an Emerald VIP member, a Diamond VIP member or a Black diamond VIP member, these offers may vary from time to time, however, you can rest assure that you will be taken well care of by the friendly customer staff. However, you really don´t need to become a VIP member in order to enjoy all of the fun and great casino games that Carnival Casino has to offer!

Getting Started with Autographed Soccer Memorabilia

Having a collection of autographed soccer memorabilia has long been a way of proving your loyalty and passion to the sport. If you’re interested in starting your own collection, here are several tips to ensure that you’ll not only have an easy time collecting.

How to Obtain Autographed Soccer Memorabilia
There are two ways for you to obtain autographed soccer memorabilia: you can have the soccer gear or equipment signed by the athlete with your own effort, or you can purchase one that has already been autographed.

It’s certainly more affordable to work for your own autographed soccer memorabilia by yourself, but your main problem would be finding ample opportunity to approach your favorite soccer player and get his autograph. You will also have to work on getting a ข่าวฟุตบอลทั้งหมด certificate of authenticity for your memorabilia in the event that you’d wish to sell it for a profit.

Purchasing autographed soccer memorabilia is easier, naturally, but more expensive as well. You also run the risk of buying from fraudulent sellers selling fake autographed soccer memorabilia.

Types of Autographed Soccer Memorabilia

Photographs – These can be photographs of the athlete himself or a scene from a particular soccer game containing the necessary signature. Photographs may be something you’ve taken by yourself, purchased, or won. If it’s a group photo, consider having it enlarged so that all the signatures of the members making up your favorite soccer team can easily fit its surface.

Soccer Ball – These can be either purchased or obtained at your own effort as well. If you’re going to have a soccer ball signed by your favorite players, invest in the best soccer ball you can purchase: one that has the words “FIFA approved” or “official size or weight” imprinted on them. Make sure to have a dark-colored soft tip marker ready for the signatures because it writes well on soccer balls and is easily visible. When you have completed the signatures, place it inside a glass or see-through container for safekeeping.

Soccer Shoes – Many sports brands nowadays produce clothing, gear, and equipment under the name of famous players; the same thing applies to soccer as well. If your favorite soccer player has his own line of shoes then it would be ideal to have him affix his signature on his own product. Since shoes don’t have much writing space in them, they are usually good for a maximum of three signatures.

Soccer Wear – These are what make up a complete soccer outfit: soccer top, shorts, and socks. A soccer shirt or uniform serves as one of the best types of autographed soccer memorabilia because it allows the players and coaches to write as long as they want.

Gloves – These are worn only by goalkeepers, so you can generally expect only signatures from popular goalkeepers to appear on gloves. Again, autographed soccer memorabilia of this type can be purchased or obtained through personal effort.

Shin Guards – While shoes, uniforms, and soccer balls make up the bulk of autographed soccer memorabilia, it’s very rare that you’ll find a famous signature written on shin guards. Thus, this type of memorabilia is usually obtained by personal effort.

Learn About Sports Cars Before You Buy One

Nothing beats the exhilaration brought about by speed. Anyone who has ever driven an automobile has at least dreamt of taking the role of Steve McQueen in “Bullitt”, getting into a high-speed car chase. If not Bullitt, each driver has dreamt playing Michael Caine’s Charlie Cosker in “The Italian Job”, driving that gorgeous convertible into the very heart of the gold heist.. Anyone who has ever taken control of the wheel has at least once dreamt of driving not just to get from point A to point B but to go from point A to B in flair. And driving a fantastic sports car fulfills this dream.UFABET

In making an automobile or any land vehicle for that matter, a lot of factors are being considered: cost of material, safety, efficiency, and performance are only some of these at play on the drawing board of a car maker. A sports car however, in definition gives priority to performance above all other factors. By performance, speed is usually the first thing that comes to mind. Speed relies heavily on the power of the car’s engine.

Most sports cars do have muscle engines which can outrun even the fastest sedans easily. A sports car engineer therefore puts it first on the list of factors that he has to consider: how to travel the distance with the least amount of time possible.

But of course, even if performance is a cut above every other consideration, the other factors are never neglected. Safety cannot be compromised, because even the fastest sports car needs a driver on the wheel at all times, and safe at all times. Besides, everyone wants to drive from start to finish in one piece, after all. So a performance-oriented vehicle must pay attention to the other factors and not rely solely on the car engine’s power.

A number of sports cars compensate for a not-so-powerful engine with a light body, paying due respect to the laws of physics: the lighter the mass, the smaller amount of force required to move this mass. This is also the reason why a sports cars usually are smaller, and do not have backseats. If these cars do have backseats, these are not as convenient as a sedan’s and is only a throwaway to please the insurance companies. One may also notice that a sports car quite often only has two doors, and it shares the same reason as that of the backseat.

Because it can outperform any of the regular four-seater cars out in the market, sports cars are sold obviously at a higher price. Another reason is because quality materials are almost always being used to withstand the heavier wear and tear in this type of vehicle.
This also explains why purchasing a sports car remains a pipe dream to most car enthusiasts. But it doesn’t have to be that way anymore. It is easier to get one’s hands on the steering wheel of a sports car than most people think. One just has to have the imagination and acumen to do so.

Buying a sports car does not have to mean going to your nearest car dealer and getting a brand new vehicle off the rack. There are quite a handful of these vehicles beyond the dealer’s garage, in very good condition and sold at a lower price. You can always check out car auctions and watch out of sports car models being sold at pancake rates. Pre-owned sports cars are always available on your local car magazine or website; sometimes it just requires you to pay more attention to these ad placements; you’ll never know when the sports car of your dreams is right under your nose.

Buying second-hand sports cars maybe the best way to go if one is facing monetary constraints. If a pre-owned sports car is taken cared of properly, it will give one the same excitement that a new one can provide.

There are also private sellers particularly of sports cars. More often than not, owners of these sports cars found themselves short of cash and are willing to dispose of their sports cars at considerably low prices, much to their resistance. Desperation is in a way good for buyers on the look-out: they get their dream vehicles at bargain prices.

And once you have spotted the car of your dreams, it is wise to exercise routine vehicle inspection, the way one does when buying a regular car. Do not forget to visually inspect the engine, the interior and the body. It is a folly to disregard these simple reminders, especially when buying a pre-owned sports car. You as a buyer can easily assess the condition of the car, how well it was maintained by the owner, simply by looking at it. Then, the proof of the pudding is in the eating: do not forget to test-drive your prospect sports vehicle before closing the purchase. Give it a go and see how it feels. If it feels good – and you feel like Steve McQueen in Bullitt – it is time to call that sports car your own.

Basis for good betting systems

certainly, the basis of each making a bet gadget for sports bets is formed by the economic margin, which you would really like to have at your disposal. this margin ought to now not be exceeded at any time, or deviate from the concept-out sports activities making a bet strategy due to emotional making a bet (for example in case of anger or joy). in any other case, the betting account isn’t always most effective emptied right away, however you may additionally without difficulty make losses which can’t be offset that without a doubt once more.

your sports having a bet method should always be adapted on your own circumstances and best allot the stakes that you really can and want to spend. earlier than wondering via the real having a bet strategy, you ought to consequently decide your bankroll 먹튀검증, or in other words, your seed capital for having a bet. on no account need to you calculate in money this is wanted, in any other case in the family or which you do not possess, doing so you would handiest be on foot right into a debt trap. this technique under no condition results in winnings or maximisation of capital. if the economic part is calculated, you could begin building up the sports betting approach with respect to recreation. typically, you calculate approximately 3 to five percent of the overall betting capital for wager stakes.

a way to find the proper sports betting approach for you

the pleasant sports having a bet strategy, which most effective brings in winnings, does not exist. you could solely discover an internet making a bet method for you, as a way to let you guess efficaciously. hereby, you can bet on one of the many reviews of skilled bettors, which we provide to explain to you. otherwise, you could build to your personal studies. we offer you a few making a bet strategies for exceptional sports activities to select from, which are smooth to be copied and may make certain you a higher fulfillment ratio. you should now not stiffen too much on excessive making a bet winnings although, due to the fact every device can also cause losses.

a betting strategy for combined bets

quite often, mixed bets are very risky, with just one unsuccessful choice which means that the whole wager long past. however, we are able to show you ways you could still absolve a success combined bets:

  • simplest wager on “secure bets”
  • do not be seduced via betting bonuses, because in maximum cases there is a snag
  • take benefit of security offers from bookmakers

if you wish to address mixed bets with the proper method, you need to bet thoroughly chiefly. study every individual bet of the mixed offer cautiously and combine freely many of the sports activities, yet predominantly on “secure” results. on no occasion should you permit your self be seduced by using blended guess bonuses of bookmakers, which might be partially pretty excessive because of the fact that the possibilities of triumphing lower considerably. odds above 2,0 makes experience with combined bets, to keep the threat in the suitable relation to the winnings.

suggestions for purpose-betting betting strategies

football goal bets are specifically appreciated by gamblers, wherein a hit gamblers frequently use an over/below making a bet strategy. as a consequence, you guess on a selected wide variety of dreams so as to occur in step with suit otherwise you wager on whether there could be extra or less dreams than the variety set. hereby, you need to recollect the subsequent things:

  • how sturdy are the teams within the offensive?
  • has a team weaknesses within the protective?
  • are vital players lacking inside the defence?
  • is the goalkeeper weak?
  • how badly do the groups need a win?
  • is one of the teams stronger in defence?

among others, the fulfillment probability with over/beneath purpose bets usually depend upon the league in which you location your bets on. as such, there may be for example a tendency to over 2.five goals inside the english most useful league, and this is also the case of the german football league. at the opposite, the french ligue 1, as well as the italian serie a, scores much less dreams according to in shape customarily.

the precise rating guess having a bet method

obviously, the precise rating of a soccer match can’t always be expected exactly. though, for a worthwhile having a bet strategy, it’s miles nonetheless well worth it to vicinity bets, particularly at high odds. that is due to the fact within the long time, even few winnings cowl the losses due to the high winnings pay-outs. beneath, you may find out our guidelines for extra success with specific score bets:

  • for better risks, higher winnings are often viable
  • contend with overlaying normal rankings
  • if viable, also use cashback offers of bookmakers, where you may get your stake returned in case of losing your guess
  • do no longer best location bets on robust groups

 

 

 

 

 

 

Avoiding Injuries When Playing Football

The most common injuries in football are injuries to the head, fractured bones due to falls and collisions, groin injuries due to awkward stretching, knee and ankle sprains and strained muscles. Some injuries such as knee injuries could be career threatening. So to avoid injuries such as these players must train there body for football to enable it to cope with the physical and mental aspects of the sport.

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When training and playing football, players can avoid injuries by making sure they warm up. Warming up can be done by jogging gently, by stretching to increase the movement at the joints, and by doing football drills such as passing drills. Also to avoid injuries players can warm down after each training and playing session. Warming down can be done by lightly jogging and stretching of the muscles to get rid of lactic acid build up within the joints to avoid cramp.

Avoiding injury within football is very important if you want to participate in the popular sport. Players can avoid injury by playing the game correctly, by following the referees decisions and not making any aggressive or inappropriate challenges as this can result in the challenger or there opponent being seriously injured. Players can also avoid injury by wearing the correct protection such as shin guards and the right
footwear.

In football rest is very important. When a player rests it gives the body time to heal so plenty of sleep is important. When training in football players should take regular breaks after training drills to allow the body to recuperate and players should do a range of drills to improve different parts of the body so each part of the body gets a fair workout.

How Safe Is Your Backyard Playground?

Play areas Should Change as Children do: The best play area perceive the particular needs of the two babies and kindergarteners. Play choices ought to be offered for different age gatherings and dependable play areas join exercises for different learning 안전공원.

There is in every case more to a play area than what you see from the start sight. A great deal of difficult work goes into ensuring play area are protected, instructive, and circumspect to nature.

6 Key Topics of Playground Design

Fusing an extraordinary play area at your school or park includes consolidating thoughts to make a solitary, incorporated space that children will appreciate and that will likewise help in their advancement. Remembering the accompanying six points will help get this going.

1. The Importance of Free Play: With such huge numbers of after school exercises, for example, soccer, vaulting, music exercises, clubs, baseball, create classes, PC games, DVDs and the perpetual measure of channels on TV, where precisely does the play area fit in? At the point when youngsters play together without grown-up mediation they become increasingly unconstrained and inventive. Sorted out exercises, for example, the ones recorded above don’t give the chance to imagine or take into account youngsters to communicate uninhibitedly. Play areas fill in as a methods with the expectation of complimentary play.

2. A piece of cake: The most ideal approach to ensure your play area elevates free play is to modify your point of view. Figure out which bit of

With play areas we perceive both clever plan and advancement as strong of one another in the improvement of new thoughts. We frequently discover approaches to wed structure and capacity. At first, play areas were created via scene designers hoping to make open spaces that would unite networks. Specialists moved in to apply their impact and in the process increasingly innovative structures for play areas started to be investigated.

So how could we arrive? The present customary “post and stage” plan wasn’t generally the standard.

By 1900 play areas showed up in significant American urban communities and comprised of a sandbox and a cubist metal climbing mechanical assembly known as an “exercise room”. By 1912 New York City chose these recreation centers were risky and were expelled from all parks. By the 1930’s scene draftsmen took a genuine enthusiasm for play area structure and artist Isamu Noguchi presented conceptual ideas that helped give the advanced play area a push forward.

After WW II the Baby Boom requested more play areas. Most after war urban play areas were intended for consolidated use among schools and stops. Be that as it may, all through the fifties play area originators were part into two camps: recreational development (wellness) and workmanship. Play was an organized undertaking. The possibility of unstructured play had not yet hit home. Wellbeing surfacing improvement was moderate, best case scenario.

Casino Reinvestment and Expansion

The Proper Care & Feeding of the Golden Goose

Under the new paradigm of declining economic conditions across a broad spectrum of consumer spending, casinos face a unique challenge in addressing how they both maintain profitability while also remaining competitive. These factors are further complicated within the commercial gaming sector with increasing tax rates, and within the Indian gaming sector by self imposed contributions to tribal general funds, and/or per capita distributions, in addition to a growing trend in state imposed fees.

Determining how much to “render unto Caesar,” while reserving the requisite funds to maintain market share, grow market penetration and improve profitability, is a daunting task that must be well planned and executed.

It is within this context and the author’s perspective that includes time and grade hands-on experience in the development and management of these types of investments, that this article relates ways in which to plan and prioritize a casino reinvestment strategy.

Cooked Goose

Although it would seem axiomatic not to cook the goose that lays the golden eggs, it is amazing how little thought is oft times given to its on-going proper care and feeding. With the advent of a new casino, developers/tribal councils, investors & financiers are rightfully anxious to reap the rewards and there is a tendency not to allocate a sufficient amount of the profits towards asset maintenance & enhancement. Thereby begging the question of just how much of the profits should be allocated to reinvestment, and towards what goals.

Inasmuch as each project has its own particular set of circumstances, there are no hard and fast rules. For the most part, many of the major commercial casino operators do not distribute net profits as dividends to their stockholders, but rather reinvest them in improvements to their existing venues while also seeking new locations. Some of these programs are also funded through additional debt instruments and/or equity stock offerings. The lowered tax rates on corporate dividends will likely shift the emphasis of these financing methods, while still maintaining the core business prudence of on-going reinvestment.
Profit Allocation

As a group, and prior to the current economic conditions, the publicly held companies had a net profit ratio (earnings before income taxes & depreciation) that averages 25% of income after deduction of the gross revenue taxes and interest payments. On average, almost two thirds of the remaining profits are utilized for reinvestment and asset replacement.

Casino operations in low gross เว็บคาสิโน gaming tax rate jurisdictions are more readily able to reinvest in their properties, thereby further enhancing revenues that will eventually benefit the tax base. New Jersey is a good example, as it mandates certain reinvestment allocations, as a revenue stimulant. Other states, such as Illinois and Indiana with higher effective rates, run the risk of reducing reinvestment that may eventually erode the ability of the casinos to grow market demand penetrations, especially as neighboring states become more competitive. Moreover, effective management can generate higher available profit for reinvestment, stemming from both efficient operations and favorable borrowing & equity offerings.